Posts Tagged ‘Sarkozy’

Bank of Spain Nationalizes Bankia – Property Bubble Bursting

Wednesday, May 9th, 2012

According to ZeroHedge, the Bank of Spain has recently nationalized Bankia, the first of many nationalizations that have to occur in Spain because of poor underwriting by the cajas (regional banks/savings and loan institutions) and falling real estate prices. The Spanish housing price graph above shows how much further the property bubble went in Spain, where at one point, more than 15% of the labor force was working in construction.

With a government debt to GDP ratio of 70%, and another 30%+ of municipal debt, where is Spain getting the money to accomplish these bailouts?

By Alexander Lemming, Leverage Academy Associate

Statement on BFA-Bankia

The Board of Finance and Savings Bank (BFA) announced today the Bank of Spain its decision not to buy in the terms and conditions agreed to the securities issued in the amount of € 4.465m who signed the FROB (Bank Restructuring Fund). BFA has concluded that the most desirable to strengthen the soundness of the business project that began with the appointment of Jose Ignacio Goirigolzarri as president is to request the conversion of these titles in stock ordinary. This conversion must be authorized by the Bank of Spain and the other authorities Spanish authorities and community and will be conducted in accordance with the valuation process established in the indenture securities.

The Bank of Spain has worked hard in recent months with the group address BFA-Bankia to specify the measures to ensure compliance with the provisions of the RD-l 2/2012 for the sanitation Spanish financial system. BFA-Bankia late March presented a restructuring plan and restructuring that included measures that would comply with the RD-l, and standardize its financial  position.

After analyzing this reorganization plan, the Bank of Spain also ordered the entity measures complementary to streamline and strengthen management structures and management, increasing professionalization and a divestment program. These additional actions should serve to enhance the soundness of the institution and restore market confidence. The events of the past weeks and the growing uncertainty about the future of the company has made it advisable to go further and raise the providing resources to accelerate and increase public sanitation.

The changes in the presidency of BFA-Bankia is precisely oriented in the direction shown in professional management and allow the group to boost its restructuring program. The new address of the entity must submit in the shortest possible plan of reorganization strengthened that places BFA-Bankia able to cope with a full guarantee its future.

In any case, BFA-Bankia is a solvent entity that continues to function quite normally and customers and depositors should have no concern. (ZHedge)

Italian 10 year Yield Rises Above 7.4%, Country Theoretically Unable to Fund Itself at These Levels (Bankrupt), Prime Minister Offers to Resign

Wednesday, November 9th, 2011

November 9, 2011: After Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi offered to resign yesterday, the credit markets almost sighed in relief. But today, markets were punched in the jugular as LCH.Clearnet increased margin requirements on Italian bonds. Margins were raised because 10 year credit spread exceeded 450 bps, the same point at which Clearnet raised margins on the bonds of other peripheral countries in Europe.
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The pressure is certainly on the ECB and Italy now to find a solution to this debt crisis, as Italy is too large to be bailout out. Yesterday, known for his sex scandals and political corruption, Prime Minister Berlusconi was pressured to leave his post because Italian yields were creeping above 6.5%. According to the Times, “In the end, it was not the sex scandals, the corruption trials against him or even a loss of popular consensus that appeared to end Mr. Berlusconi’s 17 years as a dominant figure in Italian political life. It was, instead, the pressure of the markets — which drove Italy’s borrowing costs to record highs — and the European Union, which could not risk his dragging down the euro and with it the world economy. On Wednesday, yields on 10-year Italian government bonds — the price demanded by investors to loan Italy money — edged above 7 percent, the highest level since the adoption of the euro 10 years ago and close to levels that have required other euro zone countries to seek bailouts.”
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Currently, the Italian 10 year yield has exceeded 7.4%, and the 2 year note has risen more than 10 year rate. At this point, Italy is theoretically unable to fund itself and could theoretically be bankrupt. The margin call on bonds due between seven and 10 years was raised by five percentage points to 11.65%, for bonds due between 10 years and 15 years it was raised by five percentage points to 11.80%, while for bonds that mature in 15 years and 30 years the margin call was raised by five percentage points to 20%. The changes come into effect Nov. 9 and will have an impact on margin calls from Nov. 10, the French arm of LCH.Clearnet said.

Germany Agrees to Greek Bailout, Finally…As $27 Billion of Greek Loans Need to Be Refinanced

Sunday, April 11th, 2010

April 1, 2010: After months of tribulation and back and forth discussions, Germany admits that it is prepared to give Greece loans at below market rates.  Germany has been criticized for allowing the IMF, a U.S. backed institution to bail out Greece, instead of having the European Union take care of its own constituent.  Greek bonds have been trading at 400+ bps over the rate on German bonds, signaling a 17-20% chance of default.  Many feel that the bonds will not default, including PIMCO, and thus represent a great investment.  In this newest proposal, Germany would work with the IMF to give loans at below market rates, a lifeline for the nation.  Europe will provide more than 50% of the loans.  Greece needs to refinance $27 billion in loans within the next 2 months.

According to Bloomberg, “Germany is prepared to give Greece loans at below-market interest rates, dropping its opposition to subsidies as European finance ministers meet to discuss the terms of a lifeline for the debt-stricken nation, a European government official said.


The loans would be priced above the rate charged by the International Monetary Fund, which would also participate in an EU-led rescue, said the person, who spoke on condition of anonymity. Such an arrangement would satisfy German demands that Greece shouldn’t be given subsidized loans, the person said. EU finance ministers will hold a press conference after a teleconference that starts at 2 p.m. in Brussels today.

German resistance to subsidized loans threatened to hold up efforts to agree on a rescue package for Greece, whose bonds plunged last week. With German Chancellor Angela Merkel balking at the use of taxpayers’ funds, her government has said that the EU should stick to a March 25 agreement that credit to Greece should be at “non-concessional” rates.

“They have to be given some help from Europe or the IMF at concessional rates,” billionaire investors George Soros said in an interview on Bloomberg Radio yesterday in Cambridge, England. “It is a make or break time for the euro and it’s a question whether the political will to hold Europe together is there or not.”

European Commission spokesman Fabio Pirotta couldn’t given an exact time for the press briefing by the eurogroup, which also includes European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet. Ministers may today agree to the formula for calculating the loans, the European government official said.

Terms of Agreement

Under the terms of the March accord, Europe would provide more than half the loans and the IMF the rest, which would be triggered if Greece runs out of fund-raising options. UBS AG economists estimate Greece will need to seek emergency funding to make bond payments and cover debt refinancing of more than 20 billion euros ($27 billion) in the next two months.

The yield on Greek 10-year bonds surged 60 basis points this past week, driving it to a record 7.364 percent on April 8. Any IMF loans to Greece may cost around 3.26 percent. The premium investors demand to buy Greek 10-year bonds instead of German bunds jumped to 442 basis points April 8, before sliding to 398 basis points a day later.

The euro, which has dropped 6 percent against the dollar this year, rose 1 percent to $1.35 on April 9 as speculation about an aid package mounted.

German Resistance

Overcoming German resistance to subsidized loans came amid mounting speculation that that a bailout was imminent. UBS says it could come this weekend as Fitch Ratings cut Greece’s debt rating yesterday to BBB-, just one level above junk. Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou has argued that he needed below- market borrowing costs to cut EU’s-biggest budget deficit.

Papaconstantinou said April 9 that Greece still wasn’t seeking EU aid and would make good on its pledge to trim its deficit from about 13 percent last year, more than 4 times the EU limit, to 8.7 percent this year.

Greece needs to raise 11.6 billion euros to cover debt that is maturing before the end of May and plans to sell bonds to U.S. investors in the coming weeks. The country’s debt agency said yesterday it would offer 1.2 billion euros of six-month and one-year notes on April 12.

Greece’s long-term foreign and local currency issuer default ratings were on April 9 cut two levels to BBB-, the same level as Bulgaria and Panama, from BBB+ by Fitch Ratings. The outlook is negative, Fitch said, citing delays in agreeing to an aid package.

Confidence ‘Undermined’

“The lack of clarity regarding the mechanism for timely external financial support may have hindered Greece’s access to market finance at affordable cost and hence further undermined confidence in the capacity of the government to meet its fiscal targets,” Fitch said in an e-mailed statement.

The Athens benchmark stock index rose for the first day in four on April 9 amid speculation that an aid package would soon be agreed. It fell 5 percent this week.

EU leaders, including French President Nicolas Sarkozy and the Herman Van Rompuy, president of the 27-nation bloc, expressed their readiness to provide aid two days ago.

“A support plan has been agreed and we are ready to activate at any moment to come to the aid of Greece,” Sarkozy said.”